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Baby's Growth Stages

NEWBORN (0 MONTH)

Growth - Development

During the first month, your baby will wake every 2 to 4 hours and cry for milk. After drinking breast milk, your baby will go back to sleep, and will spend two-thirds of his time sleeping. Your baby can hear your voice and can see things up to 30cm to 40cm away, so look at him gently and speak softlt to him as you feed.

Feeding

Your baby's stomach is small and he will feed about once every three hours, or about eight times a day. You are still "in training" and things may not always go smoothly. During this period, don't be concerned about the number of feeds - just give your baby as much as and whenever he wants.

Caring for Your Baby

During this stage, your baby will soil his diapers frequently, so be sure to change them often. The condition of the stool can give a good clue as to the health of your baby, so don't forget to check color and softness whenever you change diapers!

1st MONTH

The baby is able to stretch out his arms and legs and wave them about quite vigorously. Slowly but surely the baby's facial expressions develop, so be sure to talk to your baby often. Variations in the way your baby cries will let you know whether he wants to be fed or if his diaper is wet and so on.

Feeding

At this time too, the baby is able to suck strongly and skillfully when he drinks breast milk. The amount of milk the baby drinks during one feed also increases. Your baby's weight may increases by 600g or more since birth.

Caring for Your Baby

Physical contact between mother and baby or "skinship" is an extremely important part of mother-baby bonding. So don't be afraid of spoiling your baby --- pick him up and hold him aften! As the baby is still unable to support his own head, it is important to hold him sideways close to your body and cradle the head.

2nd MONTH

Growth - Development

Your baby is now capable of a wide range of expressions and turns and shows great pleasure when called by name or when you shake a rattle or a toy. When happy he might say "aah" and may be able to move his hands and feet quite freely. More and more babies are able to suck their thumbs or fingers at this age.

Feeding

Feeding becomes more regular and some babies even go through the night without needing a feed, making life easier for you. Some babies start requiring less at this stage too. This is because they have developed the ability to know when they have had enough. As long as the baby is contented, there is no need to make him drink.

Caring for Your Baby

Your baby is just beginning to be able to support his own head. This is a good time to begin holding them vertically and walking with them for ten to fifteen minutes a day. However, as he is not fully able to support his head yet, it is important for you to cradle the head and support the body firmly on your arm and shoulder.

3rd MONTH

Growth - Development

Your baby's expressions become more and more celarly defined during this time. When you call his name and play together, you can see his pleasure in the face and he may giggle. While this will vary from baby to baby, sometimes if he has a good feed before going to sleep at night, he will right through to the morning.

Feeding

Your baby's feeding pattern will be more settled, with feeding during the day taking place every 3 to 4 hours, and with some babies going through the night without a feed. On average babies will be feeding 5 to 6 time a day. Be sure to give your baby all the breast milk that he wants.

Caring for Your Baby

Once the baby is able to support has own head, it is ok to hold him upright for a longer time. With the help of a baby carrier, it should be possible to take the baby out shopping for a short time or for a walk.

4th MONTH

Growth - Development

Most babies can support their own heads now and can be held upright steadily. Physical development has also improved, and they will try rolling over by themselves; some babies will even bounce on their feet if they are held under their arms by an adult.

Feeding

By this stage, a feeding schedule will be pretty much decided, with feeding taking place about 5 time a day.

Carring for Your Baby

With baby sleeping through the night, patterns of daily life can be established. You can help to establish this life pattern by taking the baby out with you during the day and providing a quiet environment for him to sleep easily at night. As the body will start picking up things and putting them in his mouth, make sure you don't forget to put dangerous things out of reach.

5th MONTH

Growth - Development

As a result of continuing mental development, your baby's fine motor skills (dexterity) will increase and you will find him actively picking up things of interest and shaking or banging them. Some more advanced babies may succeed in rolling over.

Feeding

If your baby watches with interest as adults eat and looks like he might like to try it himself, it is probably a good time to consider preparing to wean the baby. Please note that the main form of nutrition a baby acquires is form breast milk.

Carring for Your Baby

Now that your baby is becoming more and more active, particular care must be taken to prevent falling or consuming something he shouldn't. For example, don't forget to fasten safety belts on baby chairs and never carelessly put your baby on sofa unattended. Aslo, only lay your baby down to sleep in a place where they will be safe even if he manages to roll over.

6th MONTH

Growth - Development

Movement of the arms and legs becomes increasingly active. The baby has becomes sufficiently skillful and quick to play with small, simple, baby toys. Some babies also grab their own feet and play with them while lying in their backs. Your baby can nowdistinguish between you and other people and some babies even become afraid of strangers.

Feeding

It is time to start thinking about baby food. Try starting during one of the 5 daily feeding times. When your baby is in good condition. Initially just give one spoonful, and limit this to one type of baby food only. Until a baby reaches 7 months, please note that his main form of nutrition will still come from breast milk.

Caring for Your Baby

As the number of opportunities to go out with your baby increases, and the immunity they initially received from your ends, the likelihood of him developing his first illness increases. If your baby develops a temperature but still looks cheerful and active, there is no need to panic; just keep calm and look after him. If necessary, consult a doctor.

7th MONTH

Growth - Development

Your baby's expressions have become rich and varied, and he is starting to experiment with his voice, saying "ah, ah, ah". This is called canonical babbling. Some babies at this age can even sit up by themselves. Your baby's fingers and hands will become more skillful, and he will try to put everything he can into his mouth. Place any dangerous items or choke hazards out of his reach

Feeding

If your baby is in his first month of weaning, have him eat twice a day. But as your baby's main source of nutrition is still breast milk, you may at your baby's pace. Do not worry if he dose not eat very much at this point.

Caring for Your Baby

When you place his favorite toy away from him, he will search for it. Some babies at this time cry at night. This is because your baby's emotions and knowledge have developed. This will o doubt be difficult on you, but you will get through it if you work together with your partner and get enough rest through such methods as taking naps with your baby.

8th MONTH

Growth - Development

Some babies will have started crawling and their range of activities has increased. When and how a baby starts crawling varies from baby to baby. Some babies just don't like lying on their tummies and won't crawl at all. Some babies will have started baby talk - "goo-goo" and they are fast being able to show or point to what they want.

Feeding

As the amount of baby food consumed increases, the amount of milk declines. There is a large variation in the amount babies eat. Even if they eat very little, there is no reason for concern, provided that they are active and healthy. There is absolutely no need to force-feed them.

Caring for Your Baby

Along with the increased range of activities, come the increased danger of accidents at home. Check around the house to make sure that there is nothing that would present a danger to your baby. Your baby will react to what is said to him, and if there is something he wants you to do, he will let you know. So talk to your baby often and enjoy this interaction.

9th MONTH

Growth - Development

By this time, some babies are able to stand up by holding on to something. At first, even if you help them hold on to something, they will just lean against it. However, as time goes by, they will be able to hold on to something such as the sofa and stand on their own two feet. They will also be watching adults and copying their behavior, waving bye-bye and starting to utter word-like sounds like "baboo" or "nnnba."

Feeding

Your baby will have entered the later stages of weaning and will be having 3 meals a day. He is becoming skilled at grabbing and holding onto things and will begin holding food and eating or playing with it. This is an important part of development and babies should be encouraged to feed themselves.

Caring for Your Baby

Once your baby has learned to stand up while holding anto things, you must start making sure that there is nothing dangerous in higher in higher places such as table tops. As there is a danger that your baby might fall over or bang his head on something, it is a good idea to clear a space in the room where he can play safely.

10th MONTH

Growth - Development

Babies can crawl quite fast now and some babies manage to walk while holding onto something. A lot of babies also become worried when separated from their mothers any try to follow them around. This is proof that baby has come to perceive his mother as the person he can trust and depend on the most. When baby cries loudly, be sure to give him a big hug.

Feeding

At this time in his development, you will see "ups and downs" in your baby's appetite. Some day he will want a second helping and then the next day will hardly touch the food. Try to provide a variety of food and a well-balanced menu.

Caring for Your Baby

Durign this period, babies enjoy playing outside, for example a trip to the park where they can walk holding onto a bench or enjoy the swings or a slide while in their mothers' arms. As babies tend to sweat easily, it is advisable to dress them in easily removable layers and to take off or add clothing as the need arises to control their temperature. In order for babies not to easily catch a cold, it is also a good idea to make a habit of washing hands after coming back from a trip out.

11th MONTH

Growth - Development

Individuality is starting to appear and your baby's likes and interests become clearer. Variation can be seen in daily routines and in physical development and the way in which your baby plays. While a lot of babies are still unable to speak recognizable words, they are able to understand a significant amount of what adults are doing and saying.

Feeding

3 meals a day will have become routine, but babies develop likes and dislikes. There is also a wide variation in the amount and in the way babies eat. Now is a good time to practice drinking from a cup durign mealtime.

Caring for Your Baby

A mixture of deep curiosity and sifnificantly stronger arms enable your baby to move about in an ever-widening. This new freedom is naturally accompanied by the greater risk of an accident such as falling from a chair or down the stairs. Be sure to consider the dangers of each room ensure your baby's safety.

12th MONTH

Growth - Development

At this stage, your baby will be about 1.5 time taller than his birth height and weighs about 3 times heavier than his birth weight. Some babies can stand comfortably by themselves and some are even taking their first steps. But these babies are in the minority. Most babies will not begin walking for up to about another 6 months, so do not rush them and keep calm.

Feeding

Your baby is at the latest stage of weaning. You should be feeding him 3 meals a day and a snack, all centered on good nutrition. Think of the snack as a supplement and use it as an opportunity to make up for nutrients he doesn't get in his main meals.

Caring for Your Baby

It is at this time you should get your baby in the habit of brushing his teeth. It is also a good idea to introduce basic aspects of the daily rhythm of life such as washing his hands before and after meals and after going outside, as well as expressions such as "please" and "thank you".